Profiles make Bluetooth technology interoperable

Profiles are definitions of possible applications and specify general behaviors that Bluetooth® enabled devices use to communicate with other Bluetooth devices. Profiles build on the Bluetooth standard to more clearly define what kind of data a Bluetooth module is transmitting. The device’s application determines which profiles it must support, from hands-free capabilities to heart rate sensors to alerts and more.

For two Bluetooth devices to be compatible, they must support the same profiles. And while profiles generally describe the same use case behaviors, they are different for Bluetooth BR/EDR and Bluetooth Low Energy (LE) implementations. Compatibility between Bluetooth BR/EDR and Bluetooth LE implementations requires a dual-mode controller on at least one. For BR/EDR, a wide range of adopted Bluetooth profiles describe many different, commonly used types of applications or use cases for devices. For Bluetooth LE, developers can use a comprehensive set of adopted profiles, or they can use Generic Attribute Profile (GATT) to create new profiles. This flexibility helps support innovative new applications that maintain interoperability with other Bluetooth devices.

Bluetooth profiles typically contain information such as dependencies on other profiles and suggested user interface formats. For BR/EDR, the profile will also specify the particular options and parameters at each layer of the Bluetooth protocol stack used to perform its task. This may include, if appropriate, an outline of the required service record.

The documents in the “Informative document showing changes” column are provided as a courtesy to help readers identify changes between two versions of a Bluetooth specification.

SpecificationVersionStatusAdoption DateInformative document showing changes
3DSP3D Synchronization Profile1.0.3Active15 Dec 2015N/A
A2DPAdvanced Audio Distribution Profile1.3.2Active21 Jan 2019A2DP_1.3.2_showing_changes_from_A2DP_1.3.1
AVRCPA/V Remote Control Profile1.6.2Active21 Jan 2019AVRCP_1.6.2_showing_changes_from_AVRCP_1.6.1
BIPBasic Imaging Profile1.2.1Active21 Jan 2019BIP_1.2.1_showing_changes_from_BIP_1.2.0
BPPBasic Printing Profile1.2Active27 Apr 2006N/A
CTNCalendar Tasks and Notes Profiles1.0.1Active21 Jan 2019CTN_1.0.1_showing_changes_from_CTN_1.0.0
DIDevice ID Profile1.3Active26 Mar 2007N/A
DUNDial-Up Networking Profile1.2Active06 Nov 2012N/A
FTPFile Transfer Profile1.3.1Active15 Dec 2015N/A
GAVDPGeneric A/V Distribution Profile1.3Active24 Jul 2012N/A
GNSSGlobal Navigation Satellite System Profile1.0Active13 Mar 2012N/A
GOEPGeneric Object Exchange Profile2.1.1Active15 Dec 2015N/A
GPPGeneric PIM Profile1.0.1Active15 Dec 2015N/A
HCRPHardcopy Cable Replacement Profile1.2Active27 Apr 2006N/A
HDPHealth Device Profile1.1Active24 Jul 2012N/A
HFPHands-Free Profile1.7.2Active21 Jan 2019HFP_1.7.2_showing_changes_from_HFP_1.7.1
HIDHuman Interface Device Profile1.1.1Active15 Dec 2015N/A
HSPHeadset Profile1.2Active18 Dec 2008N/A
MAPMessage Access Profile1.4.2Active13 Aug 2019MAP_1.4.2_showing_changes_from_MAP_1.4.1
MPSMulti Profile Specification1.0Active02 Jul 2013N/A
OPPObject Push Profile1.2.1Active15 Dec 2015N/A
PANPersonal Area Networking Profile1.0Active20 Feb 2003N/A
PBAPPhone Book Access Profile1.2.3Active21 Jan 2019PBAP_1.2.3_showing_changes_from_PBAP_1.2.1
SAPSIM Access Profile1.1.1Active15 Dec 2015N/A
SPPSerial Port Profile1.2Active24 Jul 2012N/A
SYNCHSynchronization Profile1.2.1Active15 Dec 2015N/A
VDPVideo Distribution Profile1.1Active24 Jul 2012N/A

Additional Resources

LE Audio's Most Game- Changing New Feature Is Broadcast Audio

Walking up to the massive curved OLED screens that cover the entrance to LG’s…

ITON Technology Uses Bluetooth Mesh to Build a Large-Scale Device Network for Automated Control Applications

In recent years, the Bluetooth® mesh network has rapidly become the wireless connectivity platform…

Bluetooth Audio Gets a Big Upgrade at CES 2020

Wireless audio has been a reality for many years, but over the last few…

CES 2020 Top Picks Awards: The Very Best Products at CES

A new Bluetooth codec may not sound like the most exciting announcement, but there’s…

CES 2020 Top Picks Awards: The Best Audio Products at CES

The Bluetooth SIG turned our attention away from tangible products and toward abstract audio…

New 'LE Audio' Standard Will Be a Game Changer for Hearing Aids

The Bluetooth Special Interest Group (SIG) has a new wireless audio standard, LE Audio,…

Bluetooth Headphones Are About To Get a Lot More Exciting

Soon your whole family might be able to watch the same movie on a…

New Bluetooth LE Audio Standard Details Support for Universal Audio Sharing, Hearing Aids, More

At CES 2020 today, the Bluetooth Special Interest Group has announced a new Bluetooth…

LE Audio Will Usher In a Better Bluetooth Audio Experience in 2020

There’s a new Bluetooth audio platform in town, what the Bluetooth Special Interest Group…

Bluetooth LE Audio Could Be the Biggest News Out of CES 2020

Bluetooth is the wireless transmission protocol that comes standard in millions of devices all…

CEVA Speeds the Development of True Wireless Stereo Earbuds with its Support of Bluetooth LE Audio

CEVA, Inc. (NASDAQ: CEVA), the leading licensor of wireless connectivity and smart sensing technologies,…

Disrupting the Restoration Industry with Bluetooth

When Steven Kramer became aware of how antiquated water restoration operations had become in…

Goodix to Showcase the Latest Bluetooth LE Audio Solution for True Wireless Stereo at CES 2020

Goodix showcases an innovative demo based on its latest Bluetooth LE audio solution for…

How to Automate Asset Tracking, Management, and Inventory in Healthcare and Pharma

Asset tracking is particularly important in healthcare as well as in pharma. Sometimes minutes…

LC3 for Bluetooth LE Audio Now Available for Cadence Tensilica HiFi DSPs

HiFi customers can immediately benefit from latest performance enhancements enabled by new Bluetooth audio…

Using IoT to Deliver Smart Stadium Insights

Stadium operators are in a head-to-head battle against a fan’s at-home experience. To win…

Understanding the Different Levels of Location Accuracy

Businesses are moving beyond basic applications to use IoT to better manage key business…

Comparing RTLS infrastructure: Weighing Bluetooth and Competitors

Real-Time Location Solutions are adding more value for operators at a lower price point.…

Bluetooth Core Specification Version 5.2 Feature Overview

This document summarizes and explains the three primary updates in Bluetooth Core Specification version…

Introducing Bluetooth Audio Sharing

See how Bluetooth Audio Sharing is poised to once again change the way we…

Bluetooth Mesh Standard Enters OSRAM Headquarters

In cooperation with Silvair as the company’s technology partner, OSRAM has recently launched a new wireless control…

Specifying Qualified Bluetooth Mesh

See how lighting specifiers can embrace the change in lighting that is wireless lighting…

Qualified Bluetooth Mesh - A Rational Choice

Hear why OSRAM picked qualified Bluetooth mesh as their technology of choice for wireless…

Retrofitting The Galicia Jewish Museum with Bluetooth Mesh

Silvair teamed up with Zumtobel Group to bring affordable and flexible lighting controls to…

The Bluetooth LE Security Study Guide

Learn about fundamental security concepts, the security features of Bluetooth Low Energy, and gain some hands-on experience using those features in device code.

Bluetooth Location Services

See 8 use cases for enhancing building efficiencies and creating a better visitor experience, discover new data that supports the latest trends and forecasts, and find out what’s driving the rapid adoption of location services solutions.

How to Make Wearables Bluetooth Mesh Provisioners

Learn how to create applications for smartwatches and other platforms that can monitor and control nodes in a Bluetooth mesh network.

Lighting as a Platform

See how connected lighting systems are being used as a platform to enable advanced building services like wayfinding, asset tracking, and space utilization to improve the ROI of smart building investments.

An Introduction to Web Bluetooth

Provides foundation-level information and hands-on labs that walk you through using Web Bluetooth APIs.

Build a Smarter Building with Blue

See how Bluetooth increases reliability, reduces costs, and enhances your smart building ROI.